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West Indian Medical Journal

Print version ISSN 0043-3144

Abstract

CHEN, C-P et al. Nontyphoidal Salmonella urinary tract infection in a case of hyperparathyroidism and nephrocalcinosis. West Indian med. j. [online]. 2014, vol.63, n.1, pp. 94-97. ISSN 0043-3144.

Nontyphoidal Salmonella infections often present with self-limited gastroenteritis. Extraintestinal focal infections are uncommon but have high mortality and morbidity. Urinary tract infection caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella is usually associated with structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. Nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis are the major risk factors. Although primary hyperparathyroidism has been reported to increase the risk of nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis, little is known about the association between hyperparathyroidism and Salmonella urinary tract infection. We report the case of a 37-year old man who had a history of primary hyperparathyroidism and bilateral nephrocalcinosis and who developed urinary tract infection. Salmonella Group D was isolated from his urine specimen. Salmonella should be considered as a possible causality organism in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and nephrocalcinosis who develop urinary tract infection. These patients need to be aware of the potential risks associated with salmonellosis.

Keywords : Hyperparathyroidism; nephrocalcinosis; Salmonella; urinary tract infections.

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